All U.S. states have strict laws on the act of driving a car, truck or any other vehicle under the influence of alcohol, drugs, prescription or nonprescription. Breaking these laws will result in an arrest, and probably require the arrested individual to post bail or stay in jail. Known as its acronym in English, the common language of these offenses includes:
- DUI Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- DWI Driving While Intoxicated
- OUI Driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs
- OMVI Driving a motor vehicle while intoxicated
BREATHALYZER TEST AT THE SCENE, BREATHALYZER, BLOOD AND URINE
According to the DUI attorneys from the Law Offices of Allan Rombro in Baltimore, Maryland, usually a breathalyzer test at the scene is the first tool that a police officer used to assess the level of intoxication of the driver. The purpose of the test is to determine whether a person has suffered a decline in their physical or motor skills. If it is determined that the driver of a car is with diminished capacity, often it will be required to submit to chemical testing. These tests are performed to determine the level of blood alcohol (BAC, for its acronym in English) and include the use of a breathalyzer and blood or urine.
Implied consent is the logic that the privilege of driving a vehicle on the road entitles police officers to be tested for those suspected of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs. In many states, you can withhold consent rigged bring mandatory penalties, including suspension of registration for a period of up to one year, or more severe penalties if the person is convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.
THE COMBINATION OF DRUGS WITH ALCOHOL AND DRIVING
The combination of certain drugs with alcohol increases the risk of accidents. Only sedatives and tranquilizers may decrease the ability to drive, and when combined with alcohol, may decrease further. For example, low doses of flurazepam, a hypnotic sedative prescribed to treat insomnia can reduce a drivers ability to maneuver. The effect of this drug may be enhanced even with a small dose of alcohol consumed the next morning. The ability to drive may be impaired by other drugs, such as codeine, which is prescribed to relieve moderate to severe pain. When combined with alcohol, adverse effects of these drugs are exacerbated on the driving skills of a person, as with some antidepressants, most antihistamines, certain cardiovascular drugs and some antipsychotic medications.
Perform an action repeatedly in relation to alcohol consumption may develop a form of adaptation called tolerance learned or behavioral. Learned tolerance can reduce the effects of alcohol that usually accompany the realization of that particular action. However, when conditions change or something unexpected happens, acquired tolerance to perform that action may be void.
These findings can be applied to the actions taken in the act of drinking and driving. A driver who has developed behavioral tolerance to driving a family car a route under normal circumstances, can drive without an accident, despite having consumed alcohol. However, when confronted with a new environment, such as a diversion or an unexpected situation, such as a bicycle suddenly crosses in front of the car, the same driver would run the same risk of an accident than a driver with a learner same level of alcohol in the blood, due to the lack of opportunities to learn these unexpected situations previously.